Mughal-e-Azam (transl. The Great Mughal)is a 1960 Indian epic historical drama film directed by K. Asif and produced byShapoorji Pallonji. Starring Prithviraj Kapoor, Durga Khote, Madhubala, and Dilip Kumar, it follows the love affair between Mughal Prince Salim (who went on to become Emperor Jahangir) and Anarkali, a court dancer. Salim’s father, EmperorAkbar, disapproves of the relationship, which leads to a war between father and son. The development of Mughal-e-Azam began in 1944 when Asif read a play set in the reign of Emperor Akbar (1556–1605). Production was plagued by delays and financial uncertainty. Before its principal photography began in the early 1950s, the project had lost a financier and undergone a complete change of cast. Mughal-E Azam cost more to produce than any previous Indian motion picture; the budget for a single song sequence exceeded that typical for an entire film of the period. The soundtrack, inspired by Indian classical and folk music, comprises 12 songs voiced by playback singer LataMangeshkar along with Mohammed Rafi, Shamshad Begum, and classical singerBade Ghulam Ali Khan, and is often cited among the finest in Bollywood cinematic history. Mughal-e-Azam had the widest release of any Indian film up to that time, and patrons often queued all day for tickets. Released on 5 August 1960, it broke box office records in India and became the highest-grossing Indian film of all time, a distinction it held for 15 years. The accolades awarded to the film include one national Film Award and three FilmfareAwards at the 8th Filmfare Awards. Mughal-e-Azam was the first black-and-white Hindi film to be digitally colored and the first in any language to be given a theatrical re-release. The color version, released in November 2004, was also a commercial success. The film is widely considered to be a milestone of its genre, earning praise from critics for its grandeur and attention to detail. Film scholars have welcomed its portrayal of enduring themes but question its historical accuracy.
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